OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES (Summary of changed rules)
Art. 25.2.3 Player falling on the floor
It is legal when a player falls and slides on the floor while holding the ball.
Art. 28.1.3 Ball goes into team’s frontcourt
The ball goes to the teams’ frontcourt when, during the dribble from backcourt to frontcourt, both feet of the dribbler and the ball are in contact with the frontcourt.
Art. 30.1.2 Ball returned to the backcourt
It will not be a violation anymore if a player, who jumps from his frontcourt, establishes a new team control while still airborne and then lands in his team’s backcourt.
Art.31 Goaltending and interference
If a player reaches through the basket from below and touches the ball, it is an interference (and not a simple violation) with all the relevant rule consequences.
Art. 36.1.4 Unsportsmanlike foul
If a defensive player causes contact with an opponent from behind or laterally in an attempt to stop a fast break and there is no opponent between the offensive player and the opponents’ basket, then the contact shall be judged to be unsportsmanlike.
Art. 38.3.1 Technical foul
A technical foul can be called on a player for excessive swinging of elbows (without contact).
OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES
Basketball is played by two teams of five players each. The purpose of each team is to throw the ball into the opponents’ basket and to prevent the other team from securing the ball or scoring. The ball may be passed, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled in any direction, subject to the restrictions laid down in the following rules.
FRONT COURT, BACK COURT:
A team’s Front Court is that part of the court between the end line behind the opponents’ basket and the nearer edge of the center line. The other part of the court, including the center line is the team’s Back Court.
*Each team shall consist of ten players, one of whom shall be the Captain, and of a Coach who may be seconded by and Assistant Coach. Five players from each team shall be on the court during playing time and may be substituted within the provisions contained in these Rules. *Our elementary league places no restrictions on number of players or coaches on a team.
BEGINNING OF THE GAME:
*The game shall be started by the referee who shall toss the ball up for a center jump between two opponents in the center circle; the same procedure shall be followed at the beginning of the second half and , eventually, of each extra period. *A possession arrow will be used to determine possession instead of a “jump-ball” for the remainder of the game.
A jump-ball takes place when the Official tosses the ball between two opposing players. During a jump-ball the two jumpers shall stand with their feet inside that half of the circle which is nearer to their own baskets, with one foot near the center of the line that is between them.
Neither jumper shall tap the ball before it reaches its highest point, nor leave their positions until the ball has been tapped. Either jumper may tap the ball twice only. After the second tap by a jumper he shall not touch the ball again until it has touched one of the eight non-jumpers, the floor, the basket or the backboard. Under this provision four taps are possible, two by each jumper. When a jump-ball takes place the eight non-jumpers shall remain outside the circle (cylinder) until the ball has been tapped. Team mates may not occupy adjacent positions around the circle if an opponent desires one of the positions.
GOAL WHEN MADE AND ITS VALUE:
A goal is made when a live ball enters the basket from above and remains in or passes through.
*A goal from the field counts 2 points, or 3 points (shot from outside the 3 point area), a goal from a free throw counts 1 point. A goal from the field counts for the team attacking the basket into which a ball is thrown. *Our elementary league does not allow 3-point goals.
BALL IN PLAY AFTER GOAL:
After a goal from the field, any opponent of the team credited with the score shall put the ball in play from any point out-of-bounds at the end of the court where the goal was made. He may throw it from any point behind the end line, or he may pass it to a team mate behind the end line. Not more than 5 seconds may be consumed in getting the ball in play, the count starting the instant the ball is at the disposal of the first player out-of-bounds.
A substitute before going upon the court shall report to the Scorer and must be ready to play immediately.
Following a violation, only the team who has possession of the ball for the throw-in from out-of-bounds may effect a substitution. If such a substitution occurs, the opponents may also effect a substitution.
*A player involved in a jump-ball may not be substituted by another player. *This rule does not apply to our elementary league because the game’s only jump-ball occurs at the start of the game.
HOW BALL IS PLAYED:
In basketball the ball is played with the hands. Kicking or striking it with the fist is a violation.
Kicking the ball is a violation only when it is a positive act; accidently striking the ball with the foot or leg is not a violation.
CONTROL OF THE BALL:
A player is in control when he is holding or dribbling a live ball or in an out-of-bounds situation when the ball is at his disposal for a throw-in.
A team is in control when a player of that team is in control and also when the ball is being passed between team mates.
PLAYER OUT-OF-BOUNDS – BALL OUT-OF-BOUNDS:
A player is out-of-bounds when he touches the floor on or outside the boundary lines.
The ball is out-of-bounds when it touches a player who is out-of-bounds or any other person, the floor or any object on or outside a boundary line, or the supports or back of the backboard.
A pivot takes place when a player who is holding the ball steps once or more than once in any direction with the same foot, the other foot called the pivot foot, being kept at its point of contact with the floor.
A dribble is made when a player, having gained control of the ball, gives impetus to it by throwing, tapping, or rolling it and touches it again before it touches another player. In a dribble, the ball must come in contact with the floor. After giving impetus to the ball as described in the forgoing, the player completes his dribble the instant he touches the ball simultaneously with both hands, or permits the ball to come to rest in one or both hands.
A player is entitled to a dribble each time he (or she) gains control of the ball. After completing a dribble, the player may not dribble again until he (or she) has lost and then regained control of the ball. He loses control the moment the ball leaves his hand(s) on a shot or a pass, or has been batted or taken out of his (or her) possession by an opponent.
A held ball shall be declared when two or more players of the opposing teams have one or both hands firmly on the ball.
*When held ball is called, the ball shall be tossed up between the two contending players at the nearest circle. *Our elementary league will use the possession arrow to determine possession.
A player shall not remain for more than three seconds in that part of the opponents’ restricted area, between the end line and the farther edge of the free throw line, while the ball is in control of his team.
Held ball shall be called when a closely guarded player who is holding the ball does not pass, shoot, roll or dribble the ball within 5 seconds.
When a team gains control of a live ball in its back court, it must, within 10 seconds cause the ball to go into its front court.
BALL RETURNED TO BACK COURT:
A player in his front court may not cause the ball to go into his back court. It is caused to go into the back court by the last player to touch it before it goes into the back court.
*When a team gains control of a live ball on the court, a shot for goal must be made within 30 seconds. Failure to do so is a violation of the rule. *This is an older rule which has been changed to 24 seconds, but our elementary league does not use either variation of this timed rule because we do not have shot clocks in our gyms.
VIOLATIONS AND FOULS:
A violation is an infraction of the rules, the penalty for which is the loss of the ball.
When an infraction involves a personal contact with an opponent or unsportsmanlike conduct, the violation becomes a foul.
BALL IN PLAY AFTER VIOLATION OR FOUL:
After the ball has become dead following an infraction of the rules, the ball is put in play,
a) By a throw-in from out-of –bounds, or
b) By a jump-ball at one of the circles, or
c) By one or more free throws.
PROCEDURE WHEN A VIOLATION IS CALLED:
When a violation is called the ball becomes dead. The ball is awarded to a nearby opponent for a throw-in from a position out-of-bounds nearest the place of the place of the infraction.
PROCEDURE WHEN A FOUL IS CALLED:
If the foul was committed on a player who was not in the act of shooting, the official shall hand the ball to him or to one of his team mates for a throw-in from a position out-of-bounds nearest the place of the infraction.
If the foul was committed on a player in the act of shooting,
a) If the goal is made it shall count, and, in addition, one free throw shall be awarded.
b) If the goal is missed, the official shall take the ball to the free throw line and shall put it at the disposal of the free thrower unless play is to be resumed by a jump-ball, or throw-in, as in the case of a double foul.
HOW BALL IS PUT IN PLAY FROM OUT-OF-BOUNDS:
The player who is to throw the ball in from out-of-bounds shall stand out-of-bounds nearest the point where the ball left the court, or the place of the infraction. Within 5 seconds from the time the ball is at his disposal, he shall throw, bounce or roll the ball to another player within the court.
A free throw is a privilege given a player to score one point by an unhindered throw for goal from a position directly behind the free throw line.
HOW A FREE THROW IS ATTEMPTED:
The throw for goal shall be made within 5 seconds after the ball has been placed at the disposal of the free thrower at the time of the free throw line. This shall apply to each free throw.
TECHNICAL FOUL BY PLAYER:
*A player shall not disregard admonitions by officials or use unsportsmanlike tactics, such as:
a) Disrespectfully addressing or contacting an official.
b) Using language or gesture likely to give offence.
c) Baiting an opponent or obstructing his vision by waving hands near his eyes.
d) Delaying the game by preventing ball from being promptly put in play.
e) *Not raising his hand properly when a foul is called on him.
f) Changing his playing number without reporting to scorer and to referee.
g) *Enter the court as a substitute without reporting to scorer, or without reporting promptly to an official (unless between halves), or during a time-out after having withdrawn during the same time-out.
h) Grasping the ring; a player who violates this provision must be promptly penalized by a technical foul awarded against him.
*Items e) and g) do not apply to our elementary league.
A personal foul is a player foul which involves contact with an opponent whether the ball is in play, alive or dead.
A player shall not block, hold, push, charge, trip, impede the progress of an opponent by extending his arm, shoulder, hip or knee, or by bending his body into other than normal position, nor use any rough tactics.
An intentional foul is a personal foul which in the opinion of the official was deliberately committed by a player.
FIVE FOULS BY PLAYER:
A player who has committed 5 fouls either personal or technical must automatically leave the game.
When a team has committed 7 player fouls in a half, all subsequent defensive player fouls shall be penalized by two free throws.