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Living Sky School Division No. 202
Growth Without Limits, Learning For All
School Division No. 202

What Causes Phonological Disorders?

  • As the tongue and motor skills mature and gain experience, speaking becomes much easier for children.
  • Occassionally, children continue using “baby talk” or “immature” patterns of speech because they are unaware that their speech sounds different from those around them.
  • A developmental phonological disorder occurs when a child continues to use these processes past approximately 5 years of age. At age 5, most children’s speech sound like “adult speech”.
  • The most common pattern is “velar fronting.” For example, a chid makes a sound at the front of the mouth, when is should be made at the back – /k/ is replaced with /t/ “tite” for kite) and “late” for lake) – /g/ is replaced with /d/ (“dum” for gum and “dod” for dog).
  • Phonological processes can affect a child’s spelling, writing, reading, and phonological awareness skills…and communicating with others!

Click here for more variations of the disorder and age of elimination (Caroline Bowen)

What are Phonological Processes (Super Duper, Handy Handouts)

What Should I do at Home?​